12 Different Types Of French Bulldogs: Frenchie Breeds For Families

The French Bulldog is a specific breed, not a category that contains multiple types or sub-breeds. However, French Bulldogs can come in various coat colors and patterns, and sometimes these variations are referred to as “types.” The breed standard may vary slightly between different kennel clubs, but generally, the French Bulldog is known for its muscular build, smooth coat, compact size, and distinctive “bat ear” appearance.

French Bulldogs make affectionate pets that are great with younger children. Because of their small size, they can be a fairly low impact on the home (and your lap), and they don’t eat a huge amount. They are a domestic breed, known for being excellent companion dogs. However, when it comes to the different varieties of French Bulldogs, some can have more health issues than others.

French Bulldog Colors And Patterns

different types of french bulldog
My brother’s Frenchies: Freddie on the left, Floyd on the right

French Bulldogs come in a variety of coat colors and patterns. While some of these are recognized by various kennel clubs, others might be considered disqualifying faults or non-standard.

Standard Colors:

  1. Brindle: Stripes of varying shades.
  2. Fawn: Ranging from light tan to mahogany.
  3. Pied: White with patches of another color.

Non-Standard Colors:

  1. Blue: A grayish-blue color.
  2. Blue Brindle: A combination of blue and brindle stripes.
  3. Blue Fawn: A mix of blue and fawn shades.
  4. Blue Pied: White with blue patches.
  5. Chocolate: A rich, dark brown.
  6. Chocolate Brindle: Chocolate color with brindle stripes.
  7. Chocolate Fawn: A mix of chocolate and fawn.
  8. Lilac: A pale purple-grayish color.
  9. Merle: A pattern of irregular spots or patches, often considered controversial due to associated health issues.
  10. Black: Though black is a dominant color, it’s often considered non-standard in many breed guidelines.
  11. Black and Tan: Black with tan points, usually on the eyebrows, cheeks, inside the legs, and under the tail.
  12. Sable: A fawn coat with a heavy concentration of black-tipped hairs.

Buying a French Bulldog can be a big decision owing to their varied prices and breeds. It’s definitely best to purchase your dog from a reliable and known breeder. Otherwise, you might be setting yourself up for some major additional costs down the line.

Here is more information on the different French Bulldog coat colors and patterns, along with any common health issues associated in particular with that type.

1. Brindle French Bulldogs

brindle frenchie breed
Image: @ozzy.and.twitch.the.frenchies

Brindle French Bulldogs feature a coat with a mixture of dark and light stripes, creating a unique and often visually stunning pattern. The brindle coloration can vary significantly, with some dogs having a heavy concentration of dark stripes and others having a more balanced or even mix of colors. Brindle is a standard and well-accepted color within the French Bulldog breed, and it’s admired for its distinct and eye-catching appearance.

Like all French Bulldogs, brindle Frenchies are known for their friendly and loyal temperament, making them beloved family pets. Their care requirements are consistent with other French Bulldogs, necessitating regular grooming to keep their coat healthy, a well-balanced diet (we recommend Pet Plate dog meals), sufficient exercise, and regular veterinary check-ups. Choosing a responsible breeder who adheres to the breed’s standards is vital when considering a brindle French Bulldog, ensuring the well-being and health of the dog.

2. Fawn French Bulldogs

fawn french bulldog patterns
Image: moppie_and_chef

Fawn French Bulldogs are known for their beautiful coat color that ranges from a pale tan to a dark deer-red hue. This color is one of the standard and accepted colors within the breed and can be found in varying shades. Fawn French Bulldogs often exhibit the same physical characteristics as other Frenchies, such as their muscular build, smooth coat, and distinctive bat-like ears.

Like all French Bulldogs, fawn-colored ones are prized for their friendly, affectionate nature and make excellent companions. They are clever dogs that can quickly learn new commands and tricks, especially when motivated by treats or praise. Though playful, they are not as high-energy as some breeds, making them suitable for those who can provide regular but not overly strenuous exercise.

3. Pied French Bulldog

pied bulldog charateristics
Image: @kismet_french_bulldogs

A pied French Bulldog is characterized by a predominantly white or cream-colored coat with patches of another color, such as brindle or fawn. This distinct pattern is a standard coloration recognized in the breed and results from specific genetic coding. Each pied French Bulldog’s appearance is unique, depending on the size and placement of the patches. There are no specific health issues associated with the pied coloring, but like all French Bulldogs, they can be prone to general breed-related health concerns.

Pied French Bulldogs are known for their friendly and affectionate nature, making them excellent companions. Their gentle and affectionate nature often makes French Bulldogs great family pets, and they can be wonderful with children when properly socialized. The care for a pied French Bulldog is the same as for any other French Bulldog, including regular grooming, a healthy diet, exercise, and regular veterinary check-ups.

4. Blue French Bulldogs

types of french bulldog
Image: @twofrenchiemen10

Blue French Bulldogs are characterized by a distinct grayish-blue coat color, which has gained popularity among enthusiasts and pet owners. This color, while attractive, is considered non-standard by many kennel clubs and is not recognized for show purposes. The blue coloration results from a specific genetic mutation that affects coat pigmentation.

However, there are concerns within the breeding community about potential health issues associated with the blue coloration, including skin problems and a condition called Color Dilution Alopecia (CDA). As such, if one is considering acquiring a blue French Bulldog, it’s crucial to engage with reputable breeders who prioritize the health of the dog over coat color. Though playful, they are not as high-energy as some breeds, making them suitable for those who can provide regular but not overly strenuous exercise.

5. Blue Sable Frenchies

types of frenchie breeds
Image: @ellievermicelli_

Blue Sable French Bulldogs have a coat that combines the richness of the sable pattern with a blue hue. The sable pattern consists of a fawn base coat with a concentration of black-tipped hairs, and when influenced by the dilution gene that creates the blue color, a Blue Sable French Bulldog emerges. The blue sable coloration in French Bulldogs is relatively rare, stemming from specific breeding practices and the particular combination of genetic factors required to produce the blue sable color, making dogs with this coat pattern less common in the general French Bulldog population.

This unique and attractive coat color is considered non-standard by many kennel clubs and may not be recognized for show purposes. They can adapt to different living situations, whether it’s an apartment in the city or a house in the suburbs, provided they get enough mental and physical stimulation. Sometimes, Sables can show a stubborn streak. Consistent training with positive reinforcement techniques usually helps in handling this trait.

6. Chocolate French Bulldog

are chocolate french bulldogs good
Image: @frenchie.topia

Chocolate French Bulldogs are characterized by a rich, dark brown coat, a color achieved through a specific recessive gene. This luxurious and appealing color is considered non-standard by many kennel clubs and is not typically recognized for show purposes. However, the allure of the chocolate hue has made it desirable among some pet owners and breeders. The genetics behind the chocolate color can be complex, and there are sometimes concerns about breeding solely for this color without regard to health and conformation standards.

The rarity and visual appeal of chocolate French Bulldogs often leads to increased interest in them. While their care requirements are similar to those of other French Bulldogs, it’s vital to approach acquiring a chocolate French Bulldog with caution. On top of this, French Bulldogs often crave human interaction and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. Proper training and gradual acclimation to alone time can alleviate this issue.

7. Lilac French Bulldog

lilac french bulldog colors
Image: @whisper.and.winnie

Lilac French Bulldogs are known for their unique pale purple-grayish color, giving them a distinctive and often sought-after appearance. The color is created through a combination of the blue and chocolate genes, both of which are dilutes, resulting in the intriguing lilac shade. Despite its appeal, this coloration is considered non-standard within most breed standards, and it might be linked with certain health considerations.

Owning a Lilac French Bulldog means embracing an uncommon and eye-catching coat color, but it also entails responsibility in selecting a breeder who prioritizes the overall health of the breed. As with any French Bulldog, regular attention to grooming, diet, exercise, and healthcare is essential for a happy and well-adjusted pet. Prospective owners should be aware of the rarity and specific genetics involved with this coloration and ensure that they work with responsible breeding practices to foster a thriving and loving relationship with their Lilac French Bulldog.

8. Merle French Bulldogs

frenchie types
Image: @silverbloodfrenchies

Merle French Bulldogs exhibit a coat pattern known for its patches of diluted pigment interspersed with regular coloring. This pattern creates a mottled or dappled effect that can be quite striking. Merle is a dominant gene, and when inherited from both parents, it can lead to significant health issues, including eye and ear deformities. Therefore, breeding merle-to-merle is highly discouraged and considered unethical by many professionals in the dog breeding community.

While the merle pattern can be visually appealing, it is controversial within the French Bulldog community, and most kennel clubs do not recognize it as a standard color pattern. The associated health risks and potential for irresponsible breeding practices to achieve this coat pattern make it crucial for potential owners to be well-informed. The general care of a Merle French Bulldog is similar to that of other French Bulldogs, but additional attention to potential health concerns related to the merle gene may be necessary.

9. Black French Bulldog

expensive french bulldogs
Image: @mac.the.frenchie_

Black French Bulldogs are recognized by their solid black coat, which is dense and smooth. While this color can give the dog a sleek and elegant appearance, it’s essential to note that solid black is considered a non-standard color in many breed standards for the French Bulldog. In some circles, black Frenchies might be highly sought after due to their distinctive appearance, but they are typically not eligible for show purposes within organizations that adhere to specific breed color standards.

The care and temperament of a black French Bulldog are consistent with other Frenchies; they are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. While some may perceive black French Bulldogs as rare or unique, leading to a higher price, the fact that solid black is considered a non-standard color in many breed standards may also influence the price in the opposite direction. Typically, the cost of a French Bulldog will be more reflective of the breeder’s reputation, the dog’s pedigree, and the care taken in breeding (such as health screenings and compliance with breed standards) rather than the coat color itself.

10. Cream French Bulldog

cute french bulldog breeds
Image: @zena.and.winston

Cream French Bulldogs are known for their distinctive pale yellow or off-white coat color, which can range from a soft shade of yellow to almost white. This uniform and elegant color is a standard and well-accepted hue within the breed, providing a monochromatic appearance that contrasts beautifully with their typically dark eye and nose pigmentation. Cream French Bulldogs are often admired for their visually pleasing coat, and since this is a recognized color, they may be shown in competitions and events that adhere to specific breed standards.

Like other Frenchies, cream-colored ones are prized for their friendly, affectionate, and loyal nature, making them excellent family pets and companions. The care required for a cream French Bulldog is consistent with that of other French Bulldogs, including regular grooming to maintain coat health, a balanced diet, and sufficient exercise. There are no specific health issues associated with the cream color, so general breed-related health considerations would apply.

11. White French Bulldog

white types french bulldog
Image: @booandsullybear_thefrenchie

White French Bulldogs are recognized for their pure and unmarked white coat, which gives them a particularly striking appearance. This coloration is distinct from cream, with an absence of any yellow or off-white tones. The white coat contrasts beautifully with the standard dark eyes and nose, creating an elegant look. White is one of the standard colors within the breed, making these French Bulldogs eligible for showing within many breed standards.

The temperament of a white French Bulldog is in line with the overall friendly, loyal, and affectionate nature of the breed. Like other French Bulldogs, they may be prone to general breed-related health concerns, but the white color itself is not associated with specific health issues. White French Bulldogs are not typically albino. Albinism is a specific genetic condition characterized by a lack or complete absence of melanin, the pigment responsible for coloration in the skin, hair, and eyes. Albino animals often have very pale or pinkish eyes, skin, and coat.

12. Sable French Bulldog

best french bulldog colors
Image: marie_woodcreekranchbulldogs

Sable French Bulldogs have a coat characterized by fawn coloring with a concentration of black-tipped hairs, creating a multi-toned and textured appearance. The sable pattern can vary in intensity, with some dogs showing a more pronounced black tipping that gives the coat depth and contrast. This particular coat pattern is considered standard in some breeding circles, and sable Frenchies can often be shown in competitions and events that adhere to breed standards.

In temperament and care, sable French Bulldogs are consistent with other members of the breed. They are known for being friendly, loyal, and excellent companions. Regular grooming is essential to maintain the coat’s health and appearance. Like all French Bulldogs, sable-colored ones may be susceptible to the general health concerns common to the breed. These can include issues related to their brachycephalic (short-nosed) nature, such as breathing difficulties, as well as hip dysplasia, allergies, and spinal disorders.

Different Types Of French Bulldogs

best color for french bulldog
Floyd and Freddie have grown up!

Those are the different types, varieties, or bloodlines of French Bulldogs.

Due to their brachycephalic nature, French Bulldogs often snore, which is a part of their charm for many owners but might be something to consider if you’re sensitive to noise. However, they aren’t known for barking a lot, but they can be vocal when seeking attention or if something is amiss.

They can also be sensitive to extreme heat, so it’s essential to keep them cool and avoid strenuous exercise in hot weather. They cannot be taken on long arduous walks, nor will they fetch the duck you just shot out of the lake. Their barrel-chested physiology also means you need to be careful about which products you buy, including choosing a Frenchie harness that’s not too tight or uncomfortable across the chest.

As you’ll know, Frenchies are not for everyone, but as with all dogs, they are super loyal and make great companions. Picking the right breeder is paramount to avoiding breeding problems and unethical practices. Let us know about your French Bulldog in the comment section below!

1 thought on “12 Different Types Of French Bulldogs: Frenchie Breeds For Families”

  1. This is incorrect. These are genetic colors only, not different types of French Bulldog.

    Unscrupulous breeders are only breeding for flashy colors, and some of those have health issues attached the mutated color genes. As it is, French Bulldogs are not usually bred for health, and are extremely expensive dogs to care for over a 12-15 year life-span. Yes, they are cute, but be prepared to spend a lot of money on them.


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